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September 16, 2016

Car Ownership in Developing Countries

Currently, various nations are faced with a steady rise in car ownership especially in developing countries (Fujiwara & Zhang, 2013). For instance, the over growing number of vehicles on roads have tremendously increased in the last few years for many nations.  Due to this, people are encouraged people to embrace and use other forms transportation methods. The use of other transportation methods will help to curb some the problems associated with traffic such as traffic jams in towns and cities. However, in some nations, various laws have been created and implemented to control car ownership.

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In the developed countries, most individuals have cars for their daily travels. Personal cars are more reliable and convenient than public transport. As a result, controlling car ownership may inconvenience some people particularly those who need to report to work on time. Therefore, the best way to control car ownership in such nations is to develop standards for public transport and encourage individuals to use them. Reducing the transport charges and increasing the availability will make public transport more attractive and convenient for many people (Metz, 2008). Apart from the mentioned, the other alternative methods of transportation such as waterways, bicycles should be embraced for the sake of the environment.

Moreover, passing various laws can also be used as a way of curbing this problem. For instance, the Singapore government decided to impose heavy taxes on new buyers and high annual registration fees for people with personal cars (Fujiwara & Zhang, 2013). These strict policies on car ownership should thus be adopted by various cities as a way of reducing greenhouses gases emission to the environment. In China, the vehicle quota system has been widely used to control the growth of car ownership at a sustainable rate through lottery or auction. Therefore, this system has tremendously helped in controlling the rapid increase of personal car ownership hence reducing global warming rates.

In conclusion, the rise in car ownership is inevitable. Car ownership has a lot of benefits to various individuals. However, the steady growth in the number of car ownership also poses some environmental risks to human kind such as increased emission of greenhouse gases that may lead to global warming. Therefore, there should be limits on car ownership in developing nations.

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